Now its time to set everything up. The following is a checklist for things you might want to do.
- If you have typoed the computer name, edit /etc/hostname and /etc/hosts and then reboot.
- Set up graphics drivers using the restricted drivers utility. Reboot to apply drivers. If you don't use ati or nvidia, you can set up X manually.
- Configure appearance. I like to change the red and blue values of the orange colours to give it a blue appearance.
- Set up static ip from the network manager tool or use a DHCP reservation if you have the power.
- Samba and user setup. Make sure to create the folders before you share them and set the correct permissions.
- Set up NFS. Add fstab entries to mount nfs shares but remember to make directories before mounting
See ubuntu help for more details
- Check that system time is set up properly.
$ sudo apt-get install ntpThen see System,Administration,Time & Date. Make sure its being synchronised with internet servers of your choosing.
Edit /etc/ntp.conf to include the following:
server 0.uk.pool.ntp.org server 1.uk.pool.ntp.org server 2.uk.pool.ntp.org server 3.uk.pool.ntp.orgIf you do not have a GUI to set the timezone, locate the right timezone from /usr/share/zoneinfo and then run the following commands with it:
$ echo "Europe/London" | sudo tee /etc/timezone $ sudo dpkg-reconfigure --frontend noninteractive tzdataReference: Ubuntu help pages
- Fiddle with Compiz. Go to System, Preferences, CompizConfig Settings Manager and General options to set the number of workspaces.
- Install nautilus elementary. This modifies Nautilus, the file manager, to be similar to Macs finder and infinitely nicer than its default existence. Run the following commands:
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:am-monkeyd/nautilus-elementary-ppa $ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgradeHaving done that, open gconf-editor and navigate to /apps/nautilus/desktop and configure what you see on the desktop (e.g. hide the volumes on unity).
FUN FACT: .bashrc does not always get executed by default, be sure to have a .profile or .bash_profile which looks like the following:
# .bash_profile # Get the aliases and functions if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then . ~/.bashrc fi
To customise the prompt, nano ~/.bashrc and set force colour prompt to yes. You will have to do this for each user you want to customise the prompt for.
green username blue @ grey hostname blue ( cyan path blue ) plain line break $ \[\e[1;32m\]\u \[\e[1;34m\]@ \[\e[1;30m\]\h \[\e[1;34m\]( \[\e[1;36m\]\w \[\e[1;34m\]) \[\e[m\]\n\$ Black 0;30 Dark Gray 1;30 Blue 0;34 Light Blue 1;34 Green 0;32 Light Green 1;32 Cyan 0;36 Light Cyan 1;36 Red 0;31 Light Red 1;31 Purple 0;35 Light Purple 1;35 Brown 0;33 Yellow 1;33 Light Gray 0;37 White 1;37
You can also use $SHLVL to display the shell number you're in, if you su into a different user, this number increments.
Also if you use SSH a lot, you can add the following to your bashrc (or ~/.bash_profile on Mac OS X) for a basic autocomplete of the ssh hosts:
complete -W "$(echo $(grep '^ssh ' .bash_history | sort -u | sed 's/^ssh //'))" ssh
- You can also customise the message of the day that greets you when you log in. Simply backup /etc/motd file and make a new one. See here or here.
- 11.04 uses unity which is a lot more aggressive monitoring your usage history. To clear the history, run the following:
$ rm ~/.local/share/zeitgeist/activity.sqlite && zeitgeist-daemon --replaceTo block the history functionality from working run this:
$ echo -n > ~/.recently-used.xbel && sudo chattr +i .recently-used.xbelIf you ever want to restore it, run this:
$ sudo chattr -i .recently-used.xbelYou can also hide your history in Totem (the movie player) by finding /usr/share/totem/totem.ui and making the following comment
<!--<separator name="recent-separator"/> <placeholder name="recent-placeholder"/>-->
For some unknown reason, a lot of the startup applications are hidden in 11.10. You can run this to display them all.
$ cd /etc/xdg/autostart/ $ sudo sed --in-place 's/NoDisplay=true/NoDisplay=false/g' *.desktop
Now you are ready to actually use your Ubuntu woop!